The “DÍA DEL TANGO” (the day of tango). It is the anniversary of the birth of Carlos Gardel (11/12/1890) and Julio De Caro (11/12/1899). Gardel created the rhythmic phrasing to sing tango. De Caro established the instrumental polyphony of the “orchestra tipica”. As homage to dancing, the third tango genre, we chose a “tangazo” recorded on another December 11th (1939).
♫ EL RETIRAO. Carlos Di Sarli (1939)
JUAN CARLOS COBIÁN dies. Pianist trained in the conservatory. He was one of the founders of the Guardia Nueva. Various historians respect him as the most brilliant of this generation, although he was very bohemian. At the peak of his success, he left for the US because of love. There he remained for five years. As a composer he made few mistakes. Here is one of his many winners.
♫ NIEBLAS DEL RIACHUELO. Osvaldo Fresedo and Roberto Ray (1937)
ALFREDO AVILÉS dies. Pianist, conductor and composer. Before making his foray into tango and into other Creole rhythms, he was one of the first jazz players in the country. It is known that jazz and tango were contemporary, even if the former got to Buenos Aires with a few years delay. The personality we are remembering today composed only a few tango scores. Here you are listening to his best one in our opinion.
♫ CICATRICES. Juan D’Arienzo and Héctor Mauré (1942)
ALFREDO NAVARRINE is born. Lyricist, actor, guitarist and singer. Without excelling in any of these activities, he however succeeded in capturing a portion of the public with the company he formed with his brother Julio. Together, they brought to the stage various “sainetes”, light operas with a popular character. Here you are listening to a beautiful tango composed by him.
♫ BARRIO REO. Rodolfo Biagi and Carlos Acuña (1943)
ALBERTO CASTILLO (Alberto Salvador De Lucca) is born. A very sophisticated and very “porteño” singer. Even if he gained his reputation with Ricardo Tanturi, as a soloist he gained an uncommon degree of popularity. He took part in eleven movies. Soon he left his profession as a gynecologist. Here we are listening to one of the three milongas that he recorded in his best years.
♫ MOZO GUAPO. Ricardo Tanturi and Alberto Castillo (1941)
ALBERTO ACUÑA dies. Singer, guitarist and composer. In the 20’s he was part of the duo RUIZ-ACUÑA who rivaled in popularity with another duo: Gardel-Razzano. Afterwards, as we know, the only recognized “number one” in tango came out from the latter. Acuña usually played music with a rural theme, as it is the case in the vals that we are listening to here.
♫ TEMBLANDO. Aníbal Troilo and Francisco Fiorentino (1942)
On this date Carlos Di Sarli records the first of his three versions of EL ONCE. Osvaldo Fresedo, his author, titled it “EL 11” (Let’s have fun!). This is because this tango made its debut in the eleventh and last ball for the newly graduating doctors. Each year at these events a conductor was invited to present a new work. The first one had been Francisco Canaro who brought MATASANOS.
♫ EL ONCE. Carlos Di Sarli (1946)
FRANCISCO BOHIGAS is born. Theater author and lyricist. He shared his time between tango and “sainete”. He also made some forays into tango advertisement. He edited and spread a theme titled APPROVECHÁ LA BOLADA! (Take advantage of it!) sub-titled FUMÁ CARANCHOS (smoke Caranchos, a brand of cigarettes of those times). He left almost 100 themes, most of them forgettable. Here we are listening to one of his few winners.
♫ CERO AL AS. Alfredo de Angelis and Floreal Ruíz (1944)
ENRIQUE CADÍCAMO dies. Poet, writer and playwright. He is the lyricist with the highest number of themes under his belt: both because of his talent and because of the length of his life (he was born in 1900). Among his unedited, edited and recorded lyrics the number is more than 1000. He lived like a dandy. The tango that we have chosen, he titled LOS DOPADOS. When they censored it, he went to see the person responsible of having prohibited it, and told him that he was an ignorant.
♫ LOS MAREADOS. Aníbal Troilo and Francisco Fiorentino (1942)
OSVALDO PUGLIESE is born. Pianist, conductor and composer. Considered a “capo” of tango. He performed for fifty years and recorded about 450 themes. He started in 1939 following the “Decariano”’s style, but with a more intense rhythm. At the end of the 40’s, he was one of the founders of modern tango, although if with his creations he almost always took care of making it appropriate for dancing. Here we are listening to his first tango composed when he was 19.
♫ RECUERDO. Osvaldo Pugliese (1944)